The AMD CS5536 Geode companion on the ALIX.3D3 board has several general purpose input/output pins. Most of them have different functions as well, and there are some registers to set if they should be used as special function GPIO pins. The ALIX.3D3 uses 4 GPIO pins for 3 LEDs and 1 mode switch. Accessing the leds is very easy using the leds-alix2 driver, but they can be addressed as GPIO as well. There is already a driver for the GPIO pins in the kernel named cs5535_gpio.c, but it uses a non standard interface to communicate with kernel. So, I wrote a new kernel driver using the GPIO interface.
Installating is very easy: Download the patch (GPIO drivers for AMD CS5535/CS5536 (Kernel 2.6.30-rc6)), patch it and compile the kernel:
wget http://www.twam.info/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/gpio.patch -O /root/gpio.patch cd /usr/src/linux patch -p1 < /root/gpio.patch
Now run kernel configuration and select
Device Drivers ---> [*] GPIO Support ---> [*] /sys/class/gpio/... (sysfs interface) <*> AMD CS5535/CS5536 (Geode Companion Device)
Compile the kernel and reboot. If you go to /sys/class/gpio there should be a file name gpiochip0. Now we can enable some pins and test them. By
echo 6 > /sys/class/gpio/export
we tell the kernel, that we want to use pin 6 from userspace. Pin 6 is connected to led. Now we configure pin 6 as an output by
echo out > /sys/class/gpio/GPIO6/direction
Now we can toggle the values by
echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/GPIO6/value sleep 1 echo 0 > /sys/class/gpio/GPIO6/value
Notice, that the LED is connected to 3.3V, so setting value to 0 it will be lit. The other LEDs are connected to pin 25 & pin 27. On pin 24 is a switch connected. We can read the value by enabling the pin, setting it as an input and reading the value:
echo 24 > /sys/class/gpio/export echo in > /sys/class/gpio/GPIO24/direction cat /sys/class/gpio/GPIO24/value
As the pin has an internal pull up, it will show 1 if the switch isn't pressed or installed. If you press the switch or connect to the metal pins, it will result in 0.
Don't forget to unexport all pins after when you're done:
echo 6 > /sys/class/gpio/unexport echo 24 > /sys/class/gpio/unexport
Any feedback on the driver is welcome!